Color Theory

Color Theory

When we open our eyes, we see this whole world is filled with colors. Life is useless without colors that we could not imagine. Colors are not only significant in art, but it is significant in design as well as animation.

Some artists and animators use colors constantly by using visual effects of how the color mix and match or how color mixes and contrasts with each other.

The Color Wheel

The Traditional color wheel with the field of design consists of Red, Yellow, and Green.

The color wheel was first introduced by Sir Isaac Newton who developed the circular diagram of colors in1666.

He divided the colors into the red, yellow, green, orange clan, and blue beans direct through sunlight by joining two ends of the color through the spectrum by the natural progression that is associated with color with the musical scale of note.

Munsell created the traditional color system. The three types of colors are primary, secondary, and territory.

Primary colors

The Primary colors are red, yellow, and blue. Some colors are derived from these three colors. These colors cannot be created by mixing or combining any other colors.

Secondary Colors

The secondary colors are green, orange, and purple. It is created by mixing primary colors.

Tertiary Colors

Six tertiary colors are formed by combining a primary and a secondary color. Some colors combine two types of colors to form a single color that is yellow-orange, red-orange, red-purple, blue-purple, blue-green, and yellow-green.

Other colors are formed by mixing primary and secondary colors that are hue which is a two-word name as blue-green, red-violet, and yellow-orange.

Color Harmony

It is a collection of colors with combinations to create pleasing contrasts.

Color schemes based on nature

In this nature, there are a lot of colors that have been adapted to create a design that fits and describes color harmony. The critical color which combines the harmonious design is Red, Yellow, and green.

Common Color Schemes

These schemes create the color combinations to get more ideas about the text or images in the background of the video so that it can prevent bright and unsaturated colors to contact the eyes and look ugly.

Warm and cool colors

The color wheel can be split into two parts, warm colors, and cool colors.

Warm colors are red/yellow side colors while cool colors are green /blue side colors.

Both of the colors can work together with different combinations. To avoid too warm and cool shades it is a better idea to get two or more colors to work together.

Complementary colors

Complementary colors are opposite to each other on the color wheel such as red and green, blue and yellow, red and purple, and yellow and green which have several variations in leaves and several variations in red-purple in the orchid. These opposing colors can create maximum contrast and stability.

Analogous Colors

Analogous colors are next to the color wheel. It is often found in nature, and visually balanced and matched side by side on 12-part color wheels such as yellow-green, yellow, and yellow-orange.

The Analogous color scheme has three types of dominant colors which have two types of colors that are found on either side. Yellow, orange, and red are examples of analogous colors.

Triadic Colors

Triadic colors are created with three colors found at 120 degrees, at the point of the equilateral triangle. That is the color that is used as a background, and the other two are used as the main content and the highlighted color.

Monochromatic Colors

This color is used as a single-based color which is accompanied by tints, shades, and tones.

In Tint white color is added, while the shade is a color added by black.

The Tone is added with gray color. If you add black white or grey, it changes the value of the color by darkening, lighting, or muting.

About color, the theory works in animation

Some guidelines which will cover up the entire story highlighted through color choices

This story tells a lot about the colors which express the power and emotions that clarify motivation throughout the entire piece like a farmer who owns the greenfield with different types of yellow-brown seeds.

In this entire story, we can use color to enhance the emotional impact which will answer the questions in simple guidelines about planning the palate to enrich the entire story with good color choices.

There are three types of standard characteristics.

Hue: It is a common name in the spectrum like red, blue, green, and blue-green.

Saturation is the intensity of pure color; high saturated colors look bright while low saturated color looks dull and grey.

Value is the color of lightness and darkness of a color which means the light color is exposed to the sun. And low value is color which is closer to black.

Creation of color script

The Color script is a visual outline of the animated film which is highly experimental. This trick can be balanced with the individual to enrich your story which needs to replace colors that you love that you do not serve in the big picture.

Take the first step and try to define what type of color your entire story begins which would be only one color, which is figuring the theme of the story which will influence each of the color choices as you move forward which will overreact the central mood of the film as it is strong enough to base the film palate.

When your storyboard is full of colors it represents the series of single colors on each board. Take an example, this is the story of a bear cub that is lost in the woods when the cub gets stuck and fights for danger, and finally comes back home safely. These are some of the movements that can be represented by solid hues.



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