There are more than 430 production companies in the animation industry. Some major studios are Toei Animation, Gainax, Madhouse, Gonzo, Sunrise, Bones, TMS Entertainment, Nippon Animation, P.A. Works, Studio Pierrot, and Studio Ghibli.
Anime originated from Japan, it is computer animation and is drawn by hand. The word Anime was derived from the English word animation, this word is used by the Japanese to describe all animated works. In the 1960s, with the works of animator Osamu Tezuka, a characteristic visual style emerged, and a wide domestic audience was developed in the second half of the 20th century. Typically Anime is released theatrically, via the internet, television broadcasts, or directly to home media. Anime is the adaptation of original works like Japanese comics (manga), light novels, or video games. Typically, Anime production focuses less on movement, and more on settings and camera effects used, which include zooming, panning, and angle shots. Anime targets demographics and numerous genres board.
Since the year 1980, Anime has seen international success in foreign dubbed and subtitled programming. And in the year 2016, Anime raised to 60% of the world’s animated television shows.
History of Japanese animation
In the early 20th century Japanese animation began, this was the time when filmmakers from France, Germany, The United States, and Russia started to experiment with animation techniques. In 1917, the work began to appear publicly and professionally. The numerous works were produced by animators such as Oten Shimokawa and Seitaro Kitayama, and the oldest film Jun’ichi Kouchi’s Namakura Gatana survived for long period. But in the year 1923, the Great Kanto earthquake destroyed many early works, and Shimokawa’s warehouse resulted in destruction.
The live-action industry was well established in Japan as an alternative format for animation by the year the 1930s. It had to suffer a lot in terms of competition because famous foreign producers, such as Disney, Yasuji Murata, and Noburo Ofuji, we’re working on cheaper cutout animation rather than cel animation. Kenzo Masaoka and Mitsuyo Seo, creators of animation techniques made a great stride; and they were supported by the government, to employ many animators to build educational shorts and propaganda. In 1933 Masaoka produced the first talkie anime Chikara to Onna no yo no Naka. With sponsorship by the Imperial Japanese Navy, director Seo 1944 made the first feature-length anime film Momotaro’s Divine Sea Warriors.
Japanese animators were profoundly influenced by the success of Walt Disney’s feature film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs in 1937. In the 1950s animated advertisements for made in Japan for television. To reduce production cost and frame counts in 1960 Manga artist Osamu Tezuka and animators simplified many Disney animation techniques through limited animation. In 1960 Three Tales was broadcasted on television for the first time and Instant History in 1961 was the first anime television series.
In 1970 the popularity of manga (Japanese comics and graphic novels), started to grow later they were animated. Directed by Tezuka, Astro Boy in 1963 made huge success as television series which was based on his 1952 manga of the same name. Tezuka’s works were called as “god of manga”. Tezuka’s work inspired characteristics and in anime, it remained a fundamental element. The robot style art which is known as “mecha” outside Japan, developed into super robot art under Go Nagai, and at the end of the decade, the real robot art was developed by Yoshiyuki Tomino. In the 1980s robot anime like The Gundam and The Super Dimension Fortress, Macross series became most common in Japan and worldwide.
In the 1980s, anime made a boom in production, and in Japan, it was more accepted than Manga. Foreign markets adapted successfully anime in the 1980s, and in the 1990s markets increased the acceptance of anime and in the 21st century, it turned even more. The Golden Bear award was won at the Berlin International Film Festival at 75th Academy Awards in 2003 and for Best Animated Feature it won the Academy Award.
Famous studios in the anime industry
Toei Animation – is an animation studio in Japan, which is controlled by its namesake Toei Company. The Precure, Galaxy Express 999, Dr. Slump, Sally the Witch, One Piece, Sailor Moon, Dragon Ball, Gegege no Kitaro, Slam Dunk, Digimon, The Transformers, Saint Seiya, and Mazinger Z were produced by Japanese productions in the year 1984-1990. In 1948 Zenjiro Yamamoto and Kenzo Masaoka the animators founded the Toei animation studio as Japan Animated Films. The studio was purchased in the year 1956 and renamed Toei Doga Co. In Nerima, Tokyo the company’s headquarters is situated in Ohizumi Studio.
Gainax Co., Ltd. – this studio is famous for the Japanese anime it has produced such as Nadia: The Secret of Blue Water, Neon Genesis Evangelion, Gurren Lagann, Gunbuster, Magical Shopping Arcade Abenobashi, Royal Space Force, Kare Kano which has acclaimed success. Evangelion has made a huge success that it has crossed over 150 billion yen. The studio‘s headquarters is in Koganei, Tokyo.
Madhouse – in 1972 Japanese animation studio was founded by ex-Mushi Pro animators, including Osamu Dezaki, Yoshiaki Kawajiri, Masao Maruyama, and Yutaka Fujioka funded these animations. Many well-known shows were created by Madhouse in 1973 TV anime was started Ace o Nerae! And including Vampire Hunter D: Bloodlust, Wicked City, Death Note, Ninja Scroll, Paprika, Trigun, and the first season of One-Punch Man.
Gonzo – is a Japanese anime studio. On September 11, 1992, former staff members of Gainax established which was owned by ADK. Gonzo is one of the members of The Association of Japanese Animations.
Sunrise Inc. – is a production company and a Japanese animation studio and Bandai Namco Holdings is the subsidiary company. Nippon Sunrise was the former name and, Sunrise Studio was the name before that. Sunrise headquarters is situated in Suginami, Tokyo.
Bones Inc. – the famous series of this Japanese anime studio are Eureka Seven, RahXephon, Darker than Black, Wolf’s Rain, Angelic Layer, Ouran High School Host Club, No. 6, Scrapped Princess, Soul Eater. Bone headquarters is in Igusa, Suginami, Tokyo.
TMS Entertainment Co., Ltd. – Tokyo Movie Shinsha is the former name of TMS Entertainment. It was founded in 1946; it is a Japanese anime studio. TMS is the famous and oldest anime studio in Japan. The best animes are Detective Conan, Kenichi: The Mightiest Disciple, Hamtaro, Lupin the 3rd, Bakugan, Sonic X, D. Gray-man, The Rose of Versailles, Monster Rancher, and Anpanman. Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland, Golgo 13: The Professional, and Akira are feature-length films and for western animation they did animation works which are The Real Ghostbusters, The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh, Inspector Gadget, Tiny Toon Adventures, Rainbow Brite, Batman: The Animated Series, Spider-Man: The Animated Series, DuckTales, and Animaniacs. TMS Entertainment fully became the subsidiary of Sega Sammy Holdings in the year 2010.
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